How Colors Affect Learning
Students spend almost half of their waking hours in a classroom, therefore it becomes very important to focus on the environment built for them in that room. A lot comes into designing a classroom, but most importantly are colors. Colors can be stimulants or deterrents depending on the effort put into choosing them.
Each age group has its own needs when it comes to colors. Younger children seem to be more attracted towards bright colors and learn best in an environment of reds, yellows and oranges, while older students in high school seem to have overgrown that stage of primary colors and prefer cool colors such as different shades of blue, green and purple. Using these colors in the décor of the classroom can help create a more efficient learning environment, of course, without making the room look like a rainbow explosion.
Furthermore, each color stimulates different emotions which can be useful while teaching. Blue is usually associated with calmness and concentration, it is commonly used with subjects such as math or programming that require a lot of cognitive skills. Red invokes energy and activity, using it in small amounts can help draw immediate attention from the student.
Green, similar to blue, is considered to be very relaxing, it is easy on the eyes and is a big part of the natural scenery, it can be used in creative spaces to help generate concentration. Orange is best used in small amounts but is great for critical thinking and boosting the memory, it also invites a lot of energy and attention, which is why it's best used in lesser quantities especially with young energetic children.
These stimulants are not only used by educators but can also be used by the students themselves while studying for their exams; studies have shown that relating information to colors can help students remember them later on. Items such as post-it notes, highlighters and colored pens and pencils are usually tools that help draw attention to important details and organize information. Students can use a yellow highlighter for example to refer to generic information while blue refers to detail and green highlights the keywords. Each student can create their own system according to their preference and tools available to them.
Nature has provided us with the wonderful gift of colors and it is our duty to utilize it the best way we can